Breast cancer is most prevalent among women, although some men are affected by this condition too. Yes, men are not spared as well.
You probably know that female breasts contain milk glands that produce milk after giving birth. This milk flows through ducts.
Breast cancer usually affects these parts of the female’s breast.
When a woman is at the peak reproductive period, specific hormones influence the breast throughout a woman’s cycle. For example, you feel breast tenderness or some lumps in your premenstrual stage.
However, not all lumps are malignant. In layman terms, not all lumps are bad.
Read this article to find out the signs and symptoms of breast cancer.
We’ll also discuss the difference between benign and malign breast tumours so that you can know the difference.
Later, we’ll explain several tests and treatment options for breast cancer. Remember to check in with your doctor if a lump or specific changes in your breast worry you.
Remember that the yellow ribbon signifies giving ex-convicts a second chance?
Well, a pink ribbon represents breast cancer awareness in Singapore.
BCF stands for the Breast Cancer Foundation, where they aim to raise awareness about breast cancer in Singapore. It’s a social service that was established in 1997 and has been conducting talks, events and publications to raise awareness about breast cancer in Singapore.
The majority of women who are diagnosed with cancer in Singapore have cancer localised at their breasts. According to the Singapore Cancer Society, one thousand women receive this horrible diagnosis per year.
Just 600 will survive.
That’s why it’s better to diagnose cancer when it’s in the noninvasive phase. If you catch it early, you have more treatment options that your body will handle effortlessly. Therefore, your chances of getting better increases.
When your breast cancer progresses, things get more challenging. Your breast cancer can protrude nearby tissue and from there on extend into your lymphatic system, blood, and other organs. Usually, your lungs, liver, and bones become affected by this tumour.
Another factor to consider is your medical bills. Unless you have your insurance ready, these breast cancer treatments are going to cost quite a bit.
To prevent breast cancer, consider the risk factors below:
The common risk factors of breast cancer include:
Instead, try consuming:
A crucial sign of possible breast cancer is if you have a previous abnormal breast biopsy. In this case, you need regular screening. If you are wondering where to go for breast screening, you can call local polyclinics in Singapore. Also, subsidies are provided for mammograms.
The good news is that medical professionals can give reasonably accurate estimations of your breast cancer risk after studying the factors above.
As such, you can:
The most common signs of breast cancer, including male breast cancer, are:
Luckily, 80% of breast lumps are benign tumours or non-cancerous at all. Below are the most common such nodules according to your age:
As opposed to these lumps, cancer lumps are:
So, what should you do if you noticed these signs and symptoms?
The most common preventative measure is regular screening.
However, if you’re worried about a new lump, contact your doctor. It’s always better to be safe than sorry.
The first step is your physical exam and anamnesis. Your doctor will palpate and analyse your breasts, searching for any signs of discharge, lumps, and abnormal skin changes.
Following this exam, you will have to answer their questions about your health history. Remember to mention all the drugs you’re currently on and breast cancer in your family history.
Make a list of all your symptoms to discuss with your doctor. That way, you won’t forget anything essential.
Afterwards, your doctor may recommend:
Breast cancer is classified into two categories:
Your doctor will select the best breast cancer treatment according to the type and stage of your breast cancer:
These treatments are long-term and costly. For some, they may need extra financial help for their medical bills.
After the treatment has ended, you should always be on your toes and wary of signs of recurrence. Breast cancer can come back if the treatment hasn’t eradicated all cancer cells.
For example, you may notice:
Breast cancer is a prevalent occurrence in Singapore and worldwide. However, your best bet is to catch it early. This year’s breast cancer awareness month will be from 1 October to 31 October, so there will be lots of publicity and information about it.
According to the American Cancer Society, the five-year survival rates are 90% for stages 0-2 and 70% for stage 3.
That’s why you should do your research and look out for any warning signs. Ask your doctor about regular screenings and mammograms, according to your risk levels.
If you discover breast changes, lumps, or are experiencing pain, visit your doctor as soon as possible.
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